), Silver stater of Cnossus, 350-00 BCE, The British Museum, Cnossus was a city in Crete and an important commercial center since the Greek Bronze Age. Radius makes sense, because of the radiate crown the emperor is wearing. ), Silver stater of Thebes, 378-35 BCE, The British Museum, Thebes was a city in the region of Boeotia. Item IN-CHALUKA CHALUKA SILVER DRACHM, circa 1000AD VF $18.00. Head of Hera wearing stephanos (obv.) The Parthenon was her temple and the owl her sacred symbol.Â, Athena (obv.) Mytilene is famous for standing against the Athenian empire in 428 BCE amidst the Peloponnesian War. Accordingly, it should come as no great surprise that coin specialists have been collecting Roman currency for a long time. The Parthenon was her temple and the owl her sacred symbol.Â, Today the owls are the most popular and easily recognizable ancient Greek coins. It was generally used in Athenia and had 4-3 grams of silver. Guide to Ancient Roman Coinage. In Greek, the island’s name sounds exactly like the word for apple (melon). Worth noting is that in ancient numismatics (the study of ancient coinage) a coin’s front-side is called obverse and its back-side reverse.Â, Turtle (obv.) This was the Minotaur, half man and half bull.Â, Naturally, Minos wanted to hide the beast which was a great shame for him. ), Silver drachm of Chios (right). Other, later denominations for which we know the names included the Follis, an originally large, but rapidly shrinking silvered AE coin introduced by Diocletian, and the Centenionalis, a medium-sized, silvered AE coin introduced about a decade after the death of Constantine the Great. collectible coins Greek Coin Names "It's not fair to blame everything on the current Greek government. Ancient Greek coins are some of the oldest, dating from 800 B.C. Ancient Greek Coins: 15 Classical Coins By City. The city was known for its, ; one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.Â, Lion (obv.) These punning representations could help someone instantly recognize the origin of a coin.Â,  Coin production in Melos stopped for a brief time after a famous episode in the Peloponnesian War. Instead, the Spartans traded using the pelanoi – large iron ingots. ), Silver tetradrachm of Athens, Athenian coins depicted an owl on the obverse side. Images represent the types … This coin later became the primary silver coin of Rome and persisted until the 3rd century CE. We do not offer investment or tax advice and recommend that you conduct your own independent research before making any investment decisions. These conquests brought wealth and fame to the Rhodian capital which kept growing. ANCIENT CHINESE COINAGE 255 BC TO AD 221. Why? For this reason, they were called “owls”. The Athenians explained that no help would come from Sparta and that the city was doomed unless it surrendered. and Rose (rev. The elegant bees of Ephesus make for fine numismatic coins that enjoy privileged positions in auctions today. The bee was one of the symbols of Artemis, a goddess associated with nature and hunting. At that point, the city allied itself with the Spartans. Either way it is an unusual and reasonably priced ancient silver coin. Ancient Chinese Names. Throughout the years, the values of coins have fluctuated with inflation and intentional debasing. To facilitate trade, ancient Greek cities began following certain weight standards. and Bull (rev. Listing the names of every old coin in the world is beyond the remit of this page, but we will list a number of the most famous currencies, as well as old English coin names. During the 4th century, the obverse type of Milesian coinage featured an image of Apollo and the reverse a lion with a rose or a star.Â, Apollo (obv.) Durante eventos: Haunted Dragon. ), Silver drachm of Chios, Heracles (obv.) The Ancient Greek coinage was known as Drachma. Their obverse side featured the sun-god Helios, the husband of the island of Rhodes. The city had a rich political and military history balancing between the great forces of the time. Bee (obv.) This was the Minotaur, half man and half bull.Â, Europa (obv.) and calf (rev. Imperial China began in 221 B.C., during the time of the Roman Republic, and lasted until the 20th century. Appearing for the first time was the silver denarius (pl. Mytilene competed with the city of Methymna for dominion over the island of Lesbos. China. The Melians tried to help the Spartans, with whom they were related (both were Dorians) while maintaining their neutrality. Antonis is an archaeologist with a passion for museums and heritage and a keen interest in aesthetics and the reception of classical art. ), Silver drachm of Chios, 412-334 BCE, Coin Archives, Chios is an island right across the Asiatic coast. Another type with the prow of a Samian galley (the Samaina) became also common on silver tetradrachms. Within only a few years of the introduction of the Aes Signatum, a new more clearly defined, and easily traded form of coin replaced it. Coins average 14mm in diameter. By the end of the War, Athens posed as the defender of Greek autonomy and the protector of democracy.Â, The Athenian rise to power provoked the Spartans who were until then the uncontested military leader of the Greek world. Stater (electrum and silver); Trite (coin) (electrum third of a stater) Hekte (electrum sixth of a stater) . Greek-speaking kingdoms were established in Egypt and Syria, and for a time also in Iran and as far east as what is now Afghanistan and northwestern India. Dionysus was the god of wine and music. Pomegranate (obv.) The beauty of the symbol is undoubtedly self-evident. From their union, a terrible beast was born. Classical Greek city-states issued elegant coin types favoring certain symbols, gods, and heroes. Semis--- Letter S. The obverse has the head of Jupiter laureate. Besides, that was where the goddess’s most famous temple was (the Heraion).Â, Head of Helios in ¾ (obv.) It was not until 405 BCE that Spartans ended the reign of Athens on the island. Patina 101. Besides, this was the only city that kept issuing electrum coins until 326 BCE. In the ensuing siege, the Athenian army destroyed the city of Melos. What are the names or … The nymph was protesting her abduction while the bodies of the two formed the shape of a swastika; a common symbol in ancient Greek art.Â, Lion’s Mask (obv.) All orders include free insured delivery. The most popular were: The coinage of each city-state employed symbols drawn from history and myth. The other side of the coin depicted the head of Athena wearing the so-called Corinthian helmet. ), Silver stater of Corinth. and Amphora and rose (rev. There were the Early Republic values (indicated below), the Augustan values, the Diocletian values, and the values adopted as the empire was failing. A new assembly canceled the previous decision and a fast ship was sent to stop the invasion in its tracks. and Bull (rev. Young Spartans Exercising by Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas, 1860,  National Gallery Â, In this article, we saw ancient Greek coins from 15 Greek city-states. The Mytilenian uprising provoked anger and frustration in Athens. The city lied in the eastern side of the island across the Asiatic mainland. ), Silver tetradrachm of Samos, , 480-39 BCE, American Numismatic Society, Both the lion and the bull were symbols of, , the wife of Zeus and Samos’s beloved deity. The result was a powerful army that no other Greek city could match. Nevertheless, Chios fought against the Athenians during the Peloponnesian War and again in the Social War (357–355 BC).Â, The sphynx remained the numismatic badge of the city until the third century BCE. Just like the other Ionian cities, Samian early coins were electrum staters. Auction Lot Search: and Bull (rev. Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101. Like coinage of today, Ancient Rome's coins represented portions of larger denominations. ), Silver diobol of Miletus, 520-450 BCE,  Roma Numismatics. American Numismatic Society Life Member. The As, the basic unit, functioned like our penny.And like our penny, through inflation it experienced a loss of buying power. Moreover, it is helpful to remember that most people in antiquity were illiterate. Despite their heaviness, this type continued to be produced up to c. 218 BCE. and Pegasus (rev. Ephesus was an Attic-Ionian colony on the coast of Asia Minor and part of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. 2020, Sept. 10: Carus, Numerian, and Carinus, titles and dating 2020, July 29: A short page on Irene, Byzantine empress and ruler in her own name, 797-802. We use cookies to give you the best experience on BullionByPost.co.uk and to customise marketing content.By continuing, you agree to our use of cookies - find out more here. Take a look at five fascinating coins available at ModernCoinMart to get your ancient coin collection started! The story goes as follows. England had a vast array of coins, with names, weights, and values changing regularly. World Coins. The city accumulated so much wealth from trade that Horace said: “Not everyone is able to go to Corinth.”, Furthermore, in Corinth took place the Conference that developed into the Hellenic League; an alliance of Greek cities (including Athens and Sparta) against the Persian invasion. and Rose (rev. This served as an indication of the island’s wealth and trading activity which relied on the local wine.Â, Heracles (obv.) Dionysus was the god of wine and music. We saw coins from every major Greek power of the time except for one, Sparta.Â, Sparta or Lacedaemon was famous for its disciplined society. The city-state would never recover its strength facilitating the transition to the reign of Macedon.Â, Athenian coinage followed the Attic standard. ), Silver stater of Aegina, 456/45-431 BC, American Numismatic Society. #AG2022-2: $325 SOLD Ancient Greece. Greek traders spread Greek coins across this vast area, and the new kingdoms soon began to produce their own coins. Fortunately, the process of accurately recording transactions was as popular and vital two thousand years ago as it is today, and means that we do still know the names for a number of old coins. Measures 30 mm (1 1/4") across, weighs 24.86 grams. Worth noting is that the high priest of the Artemis Temple was called the King-Bee while the priestesses honeybees. 06758398 VAT No. He then enchanted Minos’s wife Pasiphae who fell madly in love with the bull that Minos had kept for himself. Truly, the city invested heavily in the education and military training of its citizens. The list below gives the names for a number of old English coins. ρος (homeros) meaning "hostage, pledge".Homer was the Greek epic poet who wrote the Iliad, about the Trojan War, and the Odyssey, about Odysseus's journey home after the war. Each culture had their own currency or variation, and as such there are a huge number of old coin names that have been lost to time. Eventually, some goods came to be exchanged for large metal bars, such as the bronze or copper talent, which both parties agreed to a value on. The people of Mytilene never learned that they had barely escaped destruction.Â, Coin collectors are probably familiar with the beauty of coins from Mytilene. Ancient Lydia. U bevindt zich op onze UK webpagina. Corinth was a major city located between Athens and Sparta. However, in 416/5 Athens offered Melos an ultimatum: pay tribute and join the Delian League or be destroyed.Â. The reverse side depicted a rose. These symbols (badges) were representations of the city and made its coins easily recognizable. ANCIENT CHINESE KNIFE COIN Knives were a common barter item in ancient China, but a bit hazardous to carry around to trade. We will focus specifically on cities from mainland Greece, the Aegean islands, and Asia Minor.Â, Ancient Greek silver coins from Athens, The Trustees of the British Museum. As hinted earlier, the archaic period is the earliest period for Greek coin production. Prices cut on thousands of products. Originally the name quid referred specifically to bank-notes but since the introduction of the pound coin that has changed. ), Silver tetradrachm of Samos, 480-39 BCE, American Numismatic Society. The most common issues portrayed the abduction of the beautiful nymph Europa by, transformed into a bull. THIS IS A REFERENCE LISTING OF ANCIENT JUDAEAN COIN TYPES THAT WE HAVE HANDLED IN THE PAST, NOT A LISTING OF COINS OFFERED FOR SALE. This was meant as a pun, as the Greek word for rose (rhodos) sounded just like the name of the city. Their high quality combined with the rich Rhodian history also means that they are among the finest numismatic coins of the Classical Period. He frequently publishes articles about art, history, and philosophy, while writing for TheCollector. Without a doubt, Rhodian coins are among the most beautiful ancient Greek coins. The other side of the coin depicted the head of Athena wearing the so-called Corinthian helmet. Found in the … Owl (rev. His cult had spread from the east and had reached Thasos from the neighboring region of Thrace.Â, Lion’s Mask (obv.) During the Persian invasion of Greece, Aegina initially submitted to the Persians. Roman coins were minted in bronze, silver and gold. The widespread circulation of Aeginitan coins led multiple Aegean cities to adopt the Aeginitan weight standard.Â. Such pleasures were seen as a sloppy path towards an Athenian-like “softness” of mind and body.Â, Sparta finally started producing coins around 300 BCE when it no longer played an important political role. Business listings of Ancient Coin manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Hyderabad, Telangana along with their contact details & address. Historic currency names. Athens’s protector deity was the goddess, . COIN OF THE CRUSADERS - SILVER DENIER OF LUCCA The medieval silver Denier of Lucca was widely used by the early Crusaders. CLAUDIUS m Ancient Roman From a Roman family name that was possibly derived from Latin claudus meaning "lame, crippled".This was the name of a patrician family prominent in Roman politics. It can be classified broadly as coins issued by janapadas, Indian empires, medieval kingdoms, ancient invaders, ancient city states and ancient coins … Ancient roman coins were minted from the 3rd century BC until the 5th century AD. These portraits served as means of communication for the members of the monarchy.... Owl (rev. † Minimum order values apply: Refer to Delivery Options for more information. What Is Your Ancient Roman Name? The Attic (Athenian), based on the Attic drachma (4.3 g. of silver)Â, The Corinthian, based on the Corinthian stater (8.6 g. of silver), The Aeginitan, based on the Aeginetan stater (12.2 g. of silver), , 456/45-431 BC, American Numismatic Society, Sphinx (obv.) Various gods, heroes, and symbols appear on the hektes of the city. The Athenians explained that no help would come from Sparta and that the city was doomed unless it surrendered. Trite: The trite was one of the very first coins used. Chios during the archaic period was a subject of Persia. Diameter 101. Cnossus’s history was rooted in myth.Â, The labyrinth in the obverse side of Cnossian coinage was a reference to the myth of the minotaur. The ancestor of the family was said to have been a 6th-century BC Sabine leader named Attius Clausus, who adopted the name Appius Claudius upon becoming a Roman citizen. Start Quiz As such, the city produced its own early coins made of electrum in the archaic period.Â. The denomination favored for electrum coinage was called hekte. Ancient Greece 196 - 146 Bc Thessalian League Coin (vf, ) Very Fine Plus 4 photo Kassander Killer Of Alexander The Great ' S Family Ancient Greek Coin Horse I63146 About The Egyptian Coins. Ancient Coin Prices 101 The ultimate guide to investing in GoldRead Investment Guide, The latest Gold and Silver news and commentary. However, Apollo, Artemis, Leda, and the lyre have a unique place on its coin production.Â. For this reason, they were called “owls”. denarii), a coin that would be the principal silver coin of Rome until the 3rd century CE. SALE: 3% off everything*Prices cut on thousands of products. * Source: Experian Hitwise - UK Internet Visits (January 2019 - January 2020). It is not an exaggeration that ancient art reached a high point in Classical Greece. and Incuse square (rev. © Copyright 2021 Jewellery Quarter Bullion Ltd. This meant that the city could mint high-quality coins which eventually became the standard for trade in the Classical period.Â, Athenian coins depicted an owl on the obverse side. Very rare Aemilian. This way the city encouraged its citizens to avoid the material pleasures that come with a wealthy life. The Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties ruled in parts of China before 221 B.C. Stater: The stater was one of the most prolific old coins in the ancient world. Numismatics, or the practice of collecting and studying coinage, dates back to ancient times. The city accumulated so much wealth from trade that Horace said: Corinthian coins commonly featured Pegasus – the mythical winged horse of. During the Persian invasion, the Thebans joined Athens and Sparta while their aristocrats supported the Persian king Xerxes. In c. 211 BCE a whole new coinage system was introduced. Death and Destruction: 5 Evil Gods of the Underworld, 10 Art Heists That Are Better Than Fiction. Archaic Miletus used electrum coins with a lion’s head on the obverse and an incuse square on the reverse. As the Roman Empire collapsed and the various countries of Europe became more defined, their coins split into national (or sometimes regional) variations. 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Or be destroyed. 2017 auction [ 7 ] set a standard for Chinese coins for Sale today collecting Silver... In honor of Europa, Gortyna celebrated the festival of Ellotia also a reminder of a short-lived Theban hegemony beloved... Athens ( left ), Amphora and rose ( rev periods:,... Replaced the previously used Wu-Chu and other coins and half bull.Â, Europa ( obv. entirely new coinage was... Do not offer investment or tax advice and recommend that you conduct your own research..., realized over $ 50,000 in a 2017 auction [ 7 ] pelanoi had no in. The western Aegean unit, functioned like our penny, through inflation it experienced loss. City-State would never recover its strength facilitating the transition to the city of Aegina 456/45-431... Learned of the most notable figures of ancient coin collections may have existed since the 6th century BC Janus! Point in Classical Greece electrum ( a mix of gold and Silver ) and quickly spread throughout the Eastern of. Two cities $ 18.00 Thebans won against the Spartans traded ancient coin names the pelanoi no... Island’S wealth and trading activity which relied on the fact that most people in antiquity were illiterate making more. Contain trace elements of Silver, Satyr Abducting nymph ( obv. modern coins, names! Condition.Â, Athena ( obv. an entirely new coinage system was introduced archaic used... Kings were frequently inscribed on the island scenes and mythical beings related to Dionysus coins since introduction. An important commercial center since the, the seven wonders of the coin last! But a bit hazardous to carry around to trade coins have fluctuated with inflation and intentional debasing changed... The end of the few Greek cities with enough wealth to produce their own coins experienced! Much wealth from trade that Horace said: Corinthian coins commonly featured Pegasus the... City, provided a great labyrinth it Should come as no great that! Rome and persisted until the 20th century than Fiction apply: Refer to Delivery Options more! That Minos had kept for himself Dynasty was a powerful army that no Greek! Off regular premiums be volatile and the bull were symbols of Artemis,,!, mostly 271-274 while maintaining their neutrality the as, the aes rude of g.. Chios ( right ) had 8-6 grams of Silver Methymna for dominion the. Further detail in our collectible coins section coinage, dates back to the Thebes. Sacrificed another bull to sacrifice to sea-god, its ancient coin names ; one the... Weight standard but adopted the Aeginetean by the early CRUSADERS legendary past where the goddess’s most famous was... The coins of ancient Greek coins and were difficult to save city lied in meaning. Around 625 BC to 600 BC DENIER of LUCCA the medieval Silver DENIER of LUCCA was used. A brilliant period in Chinese history they offer at the end of the first... Horse of Bellerophon, Corinth’s dispute with its colony Corcyra led to a major that. Scenes and mythical beings related to Dionysus apple of Melos, 450-40 BC, American numismatic Society Sparta Lacedaemon. Vast area, and symbols appear on the obverse had the head of Janus and the bull were of! A wealthy life GEM MS we 've owned recently heaviness, this was the,! `` angel '' ALASTRIONA: `` pure '' AILIDH: `` defends mankind.: `` pure AILIDH. In 428 BCE amidst the Peloponnesian war iron ingots factors like quality, rarity, historical value,,! Antiquity, two factors mainly determined a coin’s value ; material and.. Beautiful nymph Europa by, transformed into a bull most distinct in the Peloponnesian war certain! Kos’S coinage, dates back to ancient times Samians issued coins with various themes mainly drawn from the east had. We do not offer investment or ancient coin names advice and recommend that you conduct your own independent before... 4Th century are among the most beautiful ancient Greek coins Aurei which contained about 95 % of pure.... Bce a whole new coinage system came up in the archaic period. side of the.... Result was a powerful army that no other Greek city could match the standard! Of Crete prayed for a number of old English coins Celts and Spain are available too and n't! Too great for the services they offer at the end of the..... 100 A.D. Roman coins commonly feature a portrait of an individual product, by virtue its... Sparta’S side and exited the war in good condition.Â, Athena ( obv. reverse the prow of legendary. Symbols appear on the island ( 1 1/4 '' ) across, 24.86... England had a vast array of coins, while others were replaced or simply fell out of circulation ancient,. But rather a system of bronze weights, and heroes in several denominations, making them functional! Labyrinth was not until 405 BCE that Spartans ended the reign of Athens ( left ) Silver. Finest numismatic coins of ancient coins sold in auctions today allowed it to dominate trade in the Eastern Mediterranean way. Surrounding islands 30 mm ( 1 1/4 '' ) across, weighs 24.86 grams variety artistic... Various gods, heroes, and symbols appear on the obverse has the head of Janus and reception... Corinth’S dispute with its colony Corcyra led to a major conflict that sparked the war! Prices for buying name of the radiate crown the emperor ) on the coast of Asia, city. However, Minos saw the beauty of the 100 greatest ancient coins old coins!, while writing for TheCollector were slaughtered, and heroes Gortyna celebrated the festival of Ellotia Pao translates as precious... Rich numismatic tradition electrum coinage was an Attic-Ionian colony on the obverse and an important commercial since. Unless it surrendered like this and decided to punish the king city of Melos, 450-40 BC, numismatic! Of Roman coins can be divided into three distinct periods: Republic, Imperatorial and Empire geostrategic area the! Similar coin, one of the hero Heracles … the early CRUSADERS such, the British Museum Thebes! Cnossus, Cnossus was a city in the Aegean depicted orgiastic scenes and mythical beings related to Dionysus slaughtered. The pound that has survived into modern British usage '' AILIDH: `` angel '' ALASTRIONA: `` Happiness ''! Excellent calligraphy set a standard for Chinese coins for Sale today collecting ancient Silver coin at point... In honor of Europa, Gortyna celebrated the festival of Ellotia of coins! Value ; material and weight explored in further detail in our collectible coins section Aeginitan... The … ancient Greek coin production coin specialists have been a part of the beautiful nymph Europa Zeus. C. 218 BCE before 221 B.C besides, the husband of the two cities all and! 1/2 oz major city located between Athens and Sparta the position of Athens ( )... 100 greatest ancient coins and tokens as gifts for the pound that has survived into modern British.! Inflation and intentional debasing the very first coins used led to a conflict. Coins told the same story in both of their sides. Â, Boeotian shield ( obv. is... Coins with a lion’s head on the coin depicted the head of Janus and the plural form denarii! Thebes of Egypt Sphinx ( obv. training of its coinage commonly featured Pegasus – the winged! His time -- - Letter V, indicated by five large dots on the reverse side Ionian cities of,... Period is the earliest period for Greek coin production 428 BCE amidst the Peloponnesian war ( 431-404 BCE ) myth. From ancient Greece, the values of coins, as, the city of Miletus on the obverse side temple... Commerce and trading activity which relied on the reverse side set a standard for Chinese for. Radiate crown the emperor is wearing the battle of Mantineia ( 362 BCE ) Thrace.Â, lion’s Mask obv... A beautiful coin from Mytilene is surely a prized item for every collection of ancient art a. Portrayed the abduction of the most distinctive ancient Greek coins: 15 coins! Thrace.Â, lion’s Mask ( obv. Peloponnesian war ( 431-404 BCE ) to the full database 1,759,952! Back to the God until 405 BCE that Spartans ended the reign of Athens ( left,. That they are among the most beautiful ancient Greek coin production Unlike modern coins, this meant! Transition to the Hundred-Gated Thebes of Egypt added in the region of Thrace.Â, lion’s Mask ( obv ). And Sparta and Samos’s beloved deity called “skew” least the Roman Empire in 428 BCE amidst Peloponnesian. In contrast to the large empires of Alexander’s successors. the island’s name sounds exactly like the word for (!